A Brief History of the Sephardim
The Jews of Spain
In 1492 King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella issued an edict calling for the expulsion of all Jewish people from his kingdom which included Castile, Catalonia, Aragon, Galicia, Majorca, Minorca, the Basque Provinces, Sardinia, Sicily, and Valencia. The official edict of expulsion was called the Alhambra Decree. Drawing of the Expulsion of the Jews 1492
There were great poets such as Solomon Ibn Gabirol (1021 – 1058) and Yehuda Halevi (1075 – 1141)
In 1740 Jewish families were encouraged to resettle in Tiberias. The community was headed by Rabbi Hayim Abulafia, who was the chief Rabbi of Izmir. In 1746, Rabbi Moshe Hayim Luzzatto, a leading ethicist and Kabbalist of his generation, was buried overlooking Tiberias, next to the site traditionally venerated as the grave of Rabbi Akiva. In the 18th and 19th centuries, Tiberias received an influx of Rabbis who established the city as a center for Jewish learning. During this time, Tiberias became recognized as one of the four holy cities of Judaism, along with Jerusalem, Hebron, and Safed.